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Additional information about Juneau, Alaska
The City and Borough of Juneau ( JOO-noh; Tlingit: Dzánti K’ihéeni [ˈtsántʰì kʼìˈhíːnì]; Russian: Джуно, Dzhuno), commonly known as Juneau, is the capital city of Alaska. Located in the Gastineau Channel and the Alaskan panhandle, it is a unified municipality and the second-largest city in the United States by area. Juneau was named the capital of Alaska in 1906, when the doling out of what was next the District of Alaska was moved from Sitka as dictated by the U.S. Congress in 1900. The municipality unified on July 1, 1970, when the city of Juneau merged subsequent to the city of Douglas and the surrounding Greater Juneau Borough to form the current municipality, which is larger by area than both Rhode Island and Delaware.
Downtown Juneau () is nestled at the base of Mount Juneau and across the channel from Douglas Island. As of the 2010 census, the City and Borough had a population of 31,276. In 2019, the population estimate from the United States Census Bureau was 31,974, making it the second-most populous city in Alaska after Anchorage. Juneau experiences a daily influx of in this area 6,000 people from visiting cruise ships in the company of the months of May and September.
The city is named after a gold prospector from Quebec, Joe Juneau, though the place was for a period called Rockwell and then Harrisburg (after Juneau’s co-prospector, Richard Harris). The Tlingit state of the town is Dzántik’i Héeni (“Base of the Flounder’s River,” dzánti ‘flounder,’ –kʼi ‘base,’ héen ‘river’), and Auke Bay just north of Juneau proper is called Áak’w (“Little lake,” áa ‘lake,’ -kʼ ‘diminutive’) in Tlingit. The Taku River, just south of Juneau, was named after the cold t’aakh wind, which occasionally blows alongside from the mountains.
Juneau is unique among U.S. capitals in that there are no roads connecting the city to the descend of the state. Honolulu, Hawaii is the only extra state capital not joined by road to the on fire of North America. The malingering of a road network is due to the definitely rugged terrain surrounding the city. This in point of view makes Juneau a de facto island city in terms of transportation, since all goods coming in and out must go by jet or boat, in bad feeling of the city’s being on the Alaskan mainland. Downtown Juneau sits at sea level, with tides averaging 16 feet (5 m), below steep mountains approximately 3,500 feet (1,100 m) to 4,000 feet (1,200 m) high. Atop these mountains is the Juneau Icefield, a large ice addition from which roughly 30 glaciers flow; two of these, the Mendenhall Glacier and the Lemon Creek Glacier, are visible from the local road system. The Mendenhall glacier has been gradually retreating; its front face is declining in width and height.
The Alaska State Capitol in downtown Juneau was built as the Federal and Territorial Building in 1931. Prior to statehood, it housed federal direction offices, the federal courthouse and a reveal office. It furthermore housed the territorial legislature and many new territorial offices, including that of the governor. Today, Juneau remains the home of the divulge legislature and the offices of the officer and lieutenant governor. Some supplementary executive branch offices have moved elsewhere in the state.